Mahdia «the hisotoric center : BORJ ERRASS »
Touristic attactions in the Historial Center:
Mahdia is a city located 205 km south of Tunis and has a historydating back to prehistoric times. The history is punctuated of events before,during and after the Fatimid epic. The human presence in the region of Mahdiadates back to prehistoric times. As evidenced by the remains of two Neolithic stations,whose existence is between 5000 and 2000 BC Before taking the name of Mahdia and become an Arab-Muslim city, the city succeeded extensive ancient settlement which was called “Goummi” from Romans. Furthermore, on the basis of archaeological items, it turned out that the real existence of Mahdia dates back to the Punic period, as evidenced by the fact amphorae remains found during dredging of the basin and Studies of erosion. In addition to the Libyan-Phoenician city, the city hosted a Roman city, a medieval city, consisting of the city Ribat Aghlabids and has had several wars, before being conquered by the Fatimids. Founded in the tenth century on the site of the Punic necropolis, the city of Mahdia became the capital of the first Shiite Caliphate in the history of Islam. Descendants of Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet Mohamed, the experienced several divisions that led to the early formation of several branches, the largest of which is that of the Fatimids.
After having explored the coast in 912, the Mahdi decided to build his capital in a site that looks suspiciously like that of Carthage. But construction began on the site in 920. After the construction of the city of Mahdia, there has been a succession of events, the revolt of the Berbers and several subsequent disqualifications, from the twelfth century, before the city was occupied by the Normans between 1148 and 1160. In the tenth century, Mahdia has had several achievements like modern hydraulic systems, construction of a large mosque before the building of the Fatimid palace between the tenth and eleventh century. Later, after a long resistance against the Ottoman settlers, the town became a garrison. Monuments and religious buildings in this city are numerous, such Mustapha Hamza Mosque, the mosque Slimane Hamza, the Zawiya Ben Romdhane, the mausoleum Sidi Jabeur, among others. It remains today as the arch of a tower on the southern edge of the cape. Its high arch and lonely guarantees peace of marine cemetery which extends at his feet, facing therising sun. The tiles are white, and sometimes looks blue or green, especially at dusk, when it shape profile. Currently, the Medina “BORJ ERRASS” is known for its charm; visitors can enjoy the breathtaking landscape of a marine cemetery that marks the life of a city and its emergence between two sides of the Mediterranean.
Tourist attractions in the geographical surroundings:
Mahdia Governorate offers tourism potential of great value and a varied hotel product and high standard, the current capacity is about 9552 beds spread over 24 hotels located in the tourist area north side of the city over an area of 280 ha nicely decorated and with a total capacity of13000 home beds. Governorate receives an annual average of 232500 tourists and saw its population increase during the summer from 45000 to 120000.The tourist flow that greets tour operators rather concerns the seaside tourism that owes its importance to natural, climatic and geographical features of the region.
This seaside tourism is supported by the cultural tourism that draws its importance from the rich historical and archaeological heritage of the Governorate and diversity of festivals and cultural and artistic events that take place.
Two thalassotherapy stations are in operation and three are in project, health tourism is growing and the Thalassotherapy label Mahdia is
being confirmed, thanks to the excellent water quality and exceptional sea.
The regional tourism sector will, in addition, growing with the projected completion of the integrated resort of Ghedabna and development and
enhancement of Sebkhat Ben Ghayadha.
Congress tourism continues also to grow through infrastructure and hotels that feature 5000 seats spread over 7 rooms.
Sport tourism follows suit and it is going to grow according to the construction of new sports facilities.
The Amphitheatre of El Jem: 2nd Roman Colosseum in the world. The region of Mahdia is known from ancient times to the Ottoman through the medieval era a variety of civilizations.
From the III century AD and with this economic boom, the city of Tysdrus (EL JEM) (located 35 km from Mahdia) set himself up as the second city of Roman Africa. This city has become so important in the Roman world she gave an emperor in the person of GORDIEN.
The surviving archaeological monuments attest to the extreme importance of this city. Its amphitheater built by the Romans in the third century BC could contain up to 35OOO people and ranks second Romans temple in the world.
Africa Dar El Jem:
The villas included mosaics of great delicacy and could extend up 3000 m2 covered for certain “Africa Dar El Jem.” Built during the second half of the second century AD. BC, it was updated during the last decade of the twentieth century. It is the largest house of any Roman Africa ever discovered.
The arrival of the Arabs in the seventh century was characterized by the provision of a new religion, Islam. The Fatimids Mahdia chose the site to establish their capital. Declared the capital of most of the Islamic world Mahdia became the largest political center, economic and cultural region.
Fort Chebba (a delegation of the governorate 30 km far from Mahdia): It was built by Aghlabides in the ninth century.
Hbira (a delegation of the governorate 80 km far from Mahdia): it is a vast archaeological site discovered but not yet exploited. Due to its remote origins and its proximity to Kairouan, the small village of Hbira hides a history and a rich heritage not yet fully revealed.
Governorate Mahdia is in the middle of the Tunisian Sahel, 40 km from Monastir or focuses quite a number of sites and monuments such as mausoleum of the former President of the Republic of Tunisia Habib Bourguiba. The international airport is 30 minutes by car far from Mahdia.
Mahdia is also close to the governorate of Sousse, a major tourist destination in Tunisia and focuses dozens of hotels. Tangible and intangible heritage is one of the strengths of this city. Tourists can visit the medina of Sousse, the Ribat (fortress), the museum, and more… Ennfidha International Airport is the latest airport built in Tunisia, 1,30 hours far from Mahdia by car.